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Dave's Favorite 240s
Just a few very cool (and modified) 240s to entertain you.

     UPDATED: March 3, 2019                       CONTACT       
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Some awesome 240s with mods.

This 1984 242 Turbo was owned for many years by KDM of Southern California. I think my first sighting of this car was when he brought it to the 2001 annual SoCal VCOA Picnic at Irvine Regional Park (first pic above). It was mostly original back then, except for a nice set of Polaris 17 inch wheels.  KDM worked for Volvo for many years and had a distinct advantage in sourcing cool Volvo parts, which became serious in later years as you can see.  He later fitted a 5 cylinder turbo motor from an S60R along with a 5 speed Getrag gearbox. KDM brought this car to a number of local SoCal Volvo meets over the years. After the R motor installation, I asked him about the work he did installing it.  He revealed that he bought a 240 front clip and meticulously built all his mounting parts on that. When he had it all done correctly, he then transfered those parts to his 242. The modifications on this car became extensive over the years. 

This car was sold in April 2018 for a hefty amount of money. 
The below Bring A Trailer link offers an outstanding description of the car as well as a huge photo album.

t8fanning Volvo 242 Turbo t8fanning Volvo 242 Turbo t8fanning Volvo 242 Turbo
t8fanning Volvo 242 Turbo t8fanning Volvo 242 Turbo t8fanning Volvo 242 Turbo

This 1982 242 Turbo is owned by Tate Fanning of Cedar Hills, Utah. Tate bought this car in Oregon in 2014 as a nearly stock example.  He has invested a lot of time, effort and money into transforming it into the stunning car is it now. It has original paint which still shows extremely well. And the mods continue.  Exceptional thread below.
Tate's detailed build thread needs to be read to fully appreciate the hard work and awesome results:

"Badger" 1983 Volvo 242 DL "Badger" 1983 Volvo 242 DL "Badger" 1983 Volvo 242 DL
"Badger" 1983 Volvo 242 DL "Badger" 1983 Volvo 242 DL "Badger" 1983 Volvo 242 DL

This 1983 242 DL is nicknamed "Badger."  Patrick Dickman bought it years ago and it got its name because of the collection of Volvo high-mileage badges that were on the grill. It had been a previous owner's daily driver for many years and this car had accumulated almost 600,000 miles when Patrick bought it.  Patrick has a talent for being meticulous when detailing or restoring his cars. The underhood restoration is amazing, even down to all the fasteners and brackets getting new silver cadmium plating.  This car sure turned out nice.  The exterior paint is original and isn't perfect, but this 240 certainly has the patina of a well loved Volvo.

This car was sold to another 240 enthusiast in 2013: http://forums.turbobricks.com/showthread.php?t=275556

Patrick created a very nice and detailed thread about the car. Unfortunately this thread has suffered from
Photobucket's photo extorsion massacre in mid 2017 and the photos are GONE.  http://forums.turbobricks.com/showthread.php?t=234240
2018 Update: There is now a fix for Firefox (and possibly other browsers) that will restore ransomed or missing photos.  Go here: https://forums.tbforums.com/showthread.php?t=338909

Homer Volvo 240 Turbo Homer Volvo 240 Turbo Homer Volvo 240 Turbo
Homer Volvo 240 Turbo

Here's a 1990 240 built by Jacob in Kansas City that now has a B5234T3 2.3 liter turbo engine that would have originally been found in a 1998 S70 T5. His car has a large number of modifications, including the retrofitting of Porsche Cayenne brake calipers that have been showcased in the 240 Big Brakes Page at https://www.240turbo.com/volvo240bigbrakes.html.

Jacob's enormously detailed build thread can be found in his thread here: http://forums.turbobricks.com/showthread.php?t=219119

The Full Banana 1980 Volvo 242 GT The Full Banana 1980 Volvo 242 GT The Full Banana 1980 Volvo 242 GT
The Full Banana 1980 Volvo 242 GT The Full Banana 1980 Volvo 242 GT The Full Banana 1980 Volvo 242 GT
Later Volvo 5 cylinder engine swaps have been common in Europe for years, but are now becoming more popular in the U.S.  Here's a 1980 242 GT with a B5234T, a 2.3 liter turbo engine that would have originally been found in an 1998 S70 Turbo. The below linked Turbobricks build thread by Tom Elmendorf of Wauwatosa, Wisconsin, begins with a build up of a '95 B230FT for this car. The 5 cylinder engine then goes in later.  If you have not yet spent the time reading this thread, you're missing out.  Nicely done. Lots of details and photos.

More can be found in his thread here: http://forums.turbobricks.com/showthread.php?t=284730

Bergen's Volvo 245 Turbo Bergen's Volvo 245 Turbo Bergen's Volvo 245 Turbo Bergen's Volvo 245 Turbo
This car was a legend in the Pacific Northwest in 2011. This RSI shop-built 245 began development in 2010 and was owned by a Volvonut named Bergen. It produced over 500 RWHP when in debuted in 2011 at the Annual Davis Volvo Show in May of that year. That's a pretty good horsepower number for an 8-valve engine. Unfortunately the car was totalled in the rain on the way home from it's very first showing.

More can be found in his thread here: http://forums.turbobricks.com/showthread.php?t=222027

Stiggy Pop 1970 Volvo 242 Stiggy Pop 1970 Volvo 242 Stiggy Pop 1970 Volvo 242
Stiggy Pop 1970 Volvo 242 Stiggy Pop 1970 Volvo 242
Here's a 1979 242 that has been built up over several years by Mike K of Granville, Massachusetts.  His build thread has a lot of detail and Mike has created a beautiful car inside and out from the once former neglected hooptie stored in a barn for 20 years by the previous owner.  There is a lot of cool techical stuff for those into building up turbo B230s.

More can be found in his thread here: http://forums.turbobricks.com/showthread.php?t=290558

DavoS40 1983 Volvo 240 Turbo DavoS40 1983 Volvo 240 Turbo DavoS40 1983 Volvo 240 Turbo DavoS40 1983 Volvo 240 Turbo DavoS40 1983 Volvo 240 Turbo DavoS40 1983 Volvo 240 Turbo DavoS40 1983 Volvo 240 Turbo
I have a soft place in my heart for black 242 Turbos. Not sure why. This 1983 example is owned by Dave in Fort Collins, Colorado.  It's a great looking car and his detailed Turbobricks thread is one I have visited often.  Dave's innovation and attention to detail is a pleasure to look at. At this writing this car had an electric powered steering pump retrofitted from a Toyota MR2 and both an HE351CW turbocharger AND an M90 Eaton supercharger from a 1990s Jaguar XJR. 

More can be found in his thread here:

Unfortunately this thread suffered from
Photobucket's photo extorsion massacre in mid 2017 and the photos are GONE.
2018 Update: There is now a fix for Firefox (and possibly other browsers) that will restore ransomed or missing photos.  Go here: https://forums.tbforums.com/showthread.php?t=338909

Bob's 1982 Volvo 240 Turbo Bob's 1982 Volvo 240 Turbo
Bob's 1982 Volvo 240 Turbo Bob's 1982 Volvo 240 Turbo Bob's 1982 Volvo 240 Turbo     
Here's a very nice '82 240 Turbo owned by Bob George in Vermont.  His build thread began in 2008 and contains a lot of great photo details and modification ideas, such as hiding the underhood wiring and installing coil-overs.

More can be found in his thread here:

  Yount's 1982 Volvo 242 DL  Yount's 1982 Volvo 242 DL  Yount's 1982 Volvo 242 DL  Yount's 1982 Volvo 242 DL 
This is the first V8 powered Volvo I featured here several years ago.  This ultra-clean 1982 242 DL is owned by Michael Yount of Charlotte, North Carolina.  The first V8 conversion was done using a Ross Converse kit prior to 1996 with a 1991 Ford 5.0L. In 2016 Michael changed the motor to a Chevy LS3. The transmission is a T-5Z (5 speed manual). Rear end is a Ford 8.8 with 3.55 gears and Truetrac differential. That wheel/tire combo is 17 x 8 Voxx wheels with 235/45-17 tires. Stopping is done by 12 inch front discs with Wilwood brakes.

Air conditioning was a complete redo using components from Classic Auto Air and Michael says he gets very nice, cold 36 degree vent temps.  More info on this conversion can be found at: https://www.240turbo.com/classicair.html

Hackster's 1981 Volvo 242 DL  Hackster's 1981 Volvo 242 DL  Hackster's 1981 Volvo 242 DL
This is a 1981 242 DL built in 2012 by Sean Fogli (Hackster) of Portland, Oregon. The color is Scotia Blue, a color I'm fond of since my old 1980 242 DL was this color.  It might not have been so special except for the exceptionally done Chevy LM7 V8 transplant (5.3 liter).  I saw this car in person at the May 2012 annual RSI Picnic in Portland, Oregon and I was really taken by the clean underhood detail. This is the kind of stuff that makes a 2,000 plus mile round trip worth it.  The transmission is a T56 6-speed.  It was chosen over other options for the nicer highway gas mileage possibilities.  Like most project cars, it had a few changes as time went on, like the wheels.  If you're a fan of stuff like this, you'll love the detailed Turbobricks build thread Sean posted: http://forums.turbobricks.com/showthread.php?t=255021

In 2014 the car was sold to a new owner in Florida: http://forums.turbobricks.com/showthread.php?t=281062

As of December 2014: New owner has begun his own continuation build thread with more cool things to see, including a turbo: http://forums.turbobricks.com/showthread.php?t=304035
Here's a YouTube video published in April 2017:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1rGzQgja7W0
And the owners videos are here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sA8tY2CdR8s

Paul Schuh's 1984 Volvo 245 Turbo Paul Schuh's 1984 Volvo 245 Turbo Paul Schuh's 1984 Volvo 245 Turbo Paul Schuh's 1984 Volvo 245 Turbo 
This magnificent 1984 245 Turbo is owned by Paul Schuh of Maryland.  Paul bought this car new in January 1984 in Portland, Oregon, where he lived at the time.  In all these years he has only managed to put 23,000 miles on the car (almost all of that in the first couple years).  A few years ago he began slowly modifying the crap out of it and it soon became one of the most modified 240's in the country.  It has a brand new custom 2.7 liter (2740 cc) stroker motor with a 16 valve head from Unitek&ST in Sweden.  The motor is capable of delivering over 600 RWHP. Also from Unitek&ST is an M47 racing gearbox (5 speed close ratio) with straight cut gears and no synchros!  

More on this car can be found at

Jay's 1983 Volvo 242 Turbo Jay's 1983 Volvo 242 Turbo Jay's 1983 Volvo 242 Turbo
This beautiful 1983 242 Turbo Flathood was built by Jay Chee of SoCal from about 2000 to 2004. This car has a lot of work and a lot of money into it.  All that shiney stuff under the hood is chrome... no polished aluminum anywhere.  While the engine on the inside is a pretty standard B21FT, it has some mods which help it run very well, such as an IPD turbo cam, later EFI intake manifold and later exhaust manifold with Mitsubishi turbo.  Jay lived a short distance from me during these years and I spent a lot of weekends helping him with this car. Some of the most notable things about it are the Bross body kit imported from Sweden, genuine Volvo Polaris 17 inch rims that were polished, and very lightweight all aluminum hood and trunk-lid that cost a fortune to have shipped. This car won a number of awards at California Volvo shows. Jay sold the car in 2009 and reportedly it remains in SoCal, although I never saw it surface after that.

Tim Otter's 1980 Volvo 242 DL Tim Otter's 1980 Volvo 242 DL Tim Otter's 1980 Volvo 242 DL Tim Otter's 1980 Volvo 242 DL Tim Otter's 1980 Volvo 242 DL
Here's a 1980 242 DL owned by Tim Otters of Whittier, California.  He bought the car new in 1980 and has logged over 400,000 miles as a daily driver. Is it MODIFIED?  I'll put it this way: Tim has found no limits to his imagination when it comes to modifications. The photos on the right are later versions.  It sports a 2.7 liter stroked 4 cylinder with a supercharger and a Garret T-4 turbo. The motor began as a typical B21FT. As you can see it has a top mounted intercooler.  Fuel is supplied by a digital programmable injection system from Simple Digital Systems (SDS).  After grenading a number of M46's, Tim fitted a Promotion T5 transmission (rated at over 750 lb. torque) and a Strange Engineering Ford 9-inch torsen-locking rear with 4.30 gears.   There are very few things in this car that can be considered stock or conventional.  The car has been dyno'd at 267 RWHP and 382 lbs. torque.  Wheels are 17 x 9 front and 17 x 10.5 rear.  Tires are 235/40's and 315/35's.

Tim's 242 received the First Place Award for a Modified 200 Series at the 2006 VCOA West Coast Meet in Lake Tahoe, Nevada.

Rob Prince's 1981 Volvo 242 Turbo Rob Prince's 1981 Volvo 242 Turbo  Rob Prince's 1981 Volvo 242 Turbo  Rob Prince's 1981 Volvo 242 Turbo
1981 242 Turbo was owned by Rob Prince of Maryland.  He bought the car in 2000 and began modifying it for local drifting events.  It has lots of cool mods, which made it more than worthy of a mention here.  We all know there are limits to the amount of tire you can fit in a 240 rear fender.  It's rare to find anyone who has fit anything larger than a 235 width rear.  Rob did some extensive (but barely noticeable) inner-fender mods in order to fit the Kodiak Racing wheels... 17 x 8 fronts (ET -3) and 17 x 9.5 rears (ET 0),  and tires... 225/45-17 front and 255/40-17 rear.  He reported no clearance issues at all and actually still had 5/8 inch clearance on the inside rears.  The wheel fitment is obviously very carefully done. The last photo at right is the most recent (2009) appearance after getting new paint. 

If you would like to read more information on Rob's build of this car, check out the Turbobricks Projects and restoration forum at http://forums.turbobricks.com/showthread.php?t=64485.
2017 Update: Unfortunately, the photos in the above thread fell victim to the Photobucket photo extorsion massacre and are now all GONE.
2018 Update: There is now a fix for Firefox (and possibly other browsers) that will restore ransomed or missing photos.  Go here: https://forums.tbforums.com/showthread.php?t=338909

This car has been sold a couple times since 2013 and more current info is not known.

"Tuff240" 1982 Volvo 242 "Tuff240" 1982 Volvo 242 "Tuff240" 1982 Volvo 242
"Tuff240" was built around 1999-2000. This 1982 242 started out as an ordinary DL and slowly became a modified 240 legend.   It was owned by Patrick Dickman, then living in Central California. I first met Patrick (and this car) at the 2000 VCOA West Coast National Meet in Rancho Cordova, CA.  This car received a second place award in the Modified 240/260 class. He also brought it out to the Thunderhill track day that weekend. Even though the engine was still the old B21F (non-turbo), he blew away everyone else with some fast driving talent. Back then VCOA actually recorded competitive lap times for this event. Patrick took first place with the fastes lap time of the day. 

As you can see in these photos, all taken a number of years ago, the car went through a few changes, eventually getting a turbo motor and and a flat-nose hood. 

A few years later Patrick sold the car to someone in the Pacific Northwest and it disappeared.  In 2009 Patrick located the car and bought it back.  It hadn't been very well taken care of, so he's now put it away until it's time for it to be brought back.  This 240 was considered to be one of the best sorted and coolest modified Volvos in its day and it was always a big crowd pleaser at all the west coast Volvo shows.

Doug's 1982 Volvo 242 Turbo Doug's 1982 Volvo 242 Turbo Doug's 1982 Volvo 242 Turbo
This 1982 242 Turbo was built and formerly owned by Doug Kauer of Northern California.  Doug put a ton of time and money into it, making it into a very fast and nice looking performer.  The huge Holset turbo, which looked enormously out of place in the engine bay, was capable of supplying more boost than the engine could use.  I don't know how well the car drove on the street, but it could fry the tires at a whim and turn mid-13 second quarter mile times.  The car put down some leadfoot satisfying horsepower. 

The most important 240 contribution Doug made with this car was his pioneering effort in 2003/2004 of adapting a Ford T5 transmission to a Volvo 4-cylinder bell housing.  It solved problems for many 240 builders (myself included) who were hopelessly tortured by fragile Volvo transmissions. 
If this transmission swap interests you, here's a great webpage made by another person:

Doug was a pioneer in 240 performance mods in 2003 to 2005.  This car was then sold to another Volvo enthusiast on the East Coast.  If you would like to read more information on the build of this car, check out the Winter 2004 feature article in Turbobricks at http://www.turbobricks.com/feature.php?content=winter_04 or in the Turbobricks Projects and Restoration Forum at http://forums.turbobricks.com/showthread.php?t=45457 and http://forums.turbobricks.com/showthread.php?t=42863.

Victor's 1976 Volvo 245 Victor's 1976 Volvo 245 Victor's 1976 Volvo 245 Victor's 1976 Volvo 245
This 1976 245 was owned by Victor Kaplin of Southern California.  These photos go back a bit... they were taken at local Southern California shows in 2000 and 2001.  Victor had a knack for making this non-turbo Volvo run really well.  At the time, with it's manual transmission, it could easily keep up with stock turbo cars.  If you look closely, you'll notice the K-Jet fuel distributor is in a very different position than stock and it feeds into a 240 Turbo intake manifold.  He also had a good eye for visual customization.  The one-piece headlights were from a GM car.  Victor moved to the Camarillo area years ago and I lost track of him and the car.  In 2010 I learned that the car had been parted out and was gone forever.


Here's a very nice Volvo enthusiast club web page that showcases lots of member's Volvos.  It's a nice read if you haven't seen it.

Speedhunters is mostly known for light reading about modified cars without a lot of technical details about them, but if you're in the mood to browse their Volvo collections, here are some.

Dave's 1983 Volvo 242 DL
These photos show what was left of my first 240 after a crash involving my 16 year old daughter. The other driver pulled out in front of her and she broad-sided the other car at more than 50 mph.  She was able to walk away with only a few bumps and bruises. 
A Used Volvo for your Teen Driver?
(Surviving Teen Drivers)

If you had to guess, what age-group of drivers is most likely to smash the family car?  That's easy… law enforcement knows it . . . your insurance company knows it . . .  I'm sure you do too.  Your 16 year old driver!  Compared with adult drivers, teen drivers have much higher crash rates, even when teens drive much less than adults.  Based on crashes of all severities, a 16 to 19 year old is four times as likely to crash his or her car compared to a driver 20 and older.  The risk is highest for 16 year olds.

So, as a responsible parent, is it possible to crash-proof your kids?  Should you run out and buy the biggest land-yacht you can find to protect them?  Do you keep them from driving a car at all?  Having raised four kids and having dealt with this issue several times over, I've learned some things.  I've been a Volvonut for a long time and I've owned more than 10 of them.  I'll share some ideas with you.

Most people have heard about how Volvos have been safe cars for a long time.  Volvo has employed a lot of well-educated engineers, who have come up with a some great safety features. 
Here are just a few important safety features that were introduced by Volvo over the years: 
1944 - Laminated windscreen
1959 - Three-point seat belts
1960 - Padded instrument panel
1966 - Twin-circuit triangular braking system, Crumple zones
1967 - Seat belts in the rear
1968 - Head restraints in front
1969 - Three-point inertia-reel seat belts in the front
1972 - Three-point seat belts in the rear, Child-proof door locks
1973 - Energy-absorbing steering columns
1974 - Energy-absorbing bumpers, Gas tanks relocated forward for enhanced safety
1984 - Anti-locking brakes
1986 - Brake lights placed at eye level, Three-point seat belt in the middle of the rear seat
2002 - ROPS (Roll-Over Protection System) for their SUV (XC90)
2006 - Proximity collision warning with automated brake support
2007 - Lane Departure Warning
2009 - City Safety: Automatically stops at speeds below 19 mph if obstruction is detected (XC60)
2010 - Pedestrian Detection with auto braking (S60)

So is safety a chief concern in your decision?  Are there other factors involved when trying to pick out a car for a young driver?  Of course there are...  economics will play a part too.  But first, a little more about safety….

Does BIG equal Safe?
When it comes time to decide on a car for your teen, what factors will you use?  Your decision might be based on several needs, such as Safety, Reliability, Economy, Safety, and Safety.  But your teen might have his or her own ideas. Their goal might be, for instance; Style, Power, Music, Style and Style.  Who wins?  Well, you of course, since you're the one with the car.

Should we consider that a larger vehicle just might make the difference in a collision between serious injury or walking away unhurt?  Between life and death?  Will a little extra metal make the difference?  Should you consider a car that isn't so small that your kids will automatically lose if they get into a crash, especially if they get t-boned by a larger vehicle. Hopefully, your decision isn't based on mere cost.  But if crash-test ratings will be something you'll consider, keep this in mind....  Very small cars are being awarded very high crash-test scores.  How is this possible?  It's possible because those compact cars you see with "five star" ratings are only being judged in how well they protect your kids in a crash with a similar sized vehicle.  If a Smart car had to be rated in a crash against an SUV, all Smart cars would be rated ZERO.

Keeping the above information in mind, you might be interested in what the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has to offer. They publish some interesting test results that might be useful. Their data can give you an idea of the saftey ratings of most cars and trucks, as well as projected insurance losses relative to inury or damage for most makes and models (this last one is key to your insurance costs). This data, however, may be more relative to newer cars, since most of the easy to find data at IIHS is for cars made in approximately the last 6 to 12 years, not so much for older cars. 

If you're thinking you should just go BIG and get an SUV, it may not always be such a good idea for a teen driver either.  Even if an SUV shows a lower fatality rating, some of them might be quite a handful to an inexperienced driver in an emergency situation.  Many SUVs are required to carry a label (usually on the visor) warning that "abrupt maneuvers should be avoided" or a catastrophic roll-over might happen.  In other words, don't turn sharply.

A Volvo SUV (or similar class type) might be an exception, since from their beginning, Volvo SUVs have been equipped with Volvo's Roll Stability Control.  This RSC uses a sophisticated gyro sensor to identify a potential rollover situation.  If the RSC senses such an event, it becomes active and literally takes control of the gas and brakes, applying them in such a way to avert a rollover and keep you driving straight.  But maybe you're super-human and you think you can maintain control just as well as this robot car can.  I'm here to tell you that unless you've figured out how to apply your brakes so that any one of your four wheels can brake independently of the others, you won't be able to do what this system can.  I've seen it in action during severe testing and it works amazingly well.

Is Safe Always Boring?
Many drivers think safe means boring.  This will be especially true for young, trendy drivers who already know everything.  The idea of a Volvo as a first car was not even close to the top of any list my teens had in mind.  So, will a Volvo be a boring car for a teen?  Maybe, but here's economics lesson #1.... Safe cars are NOT boring to insurance companies who base their rates, in a large part, on the safety features of the car you drive.  But can there be that much difference in real-world auto insurance prices? When I was looking for insurance quotes for my new teen drivers, I found some interesing things.  Newer vehicles generally cost a lot more to insure than older ones.  This is partly because it's more expensive to fix them when they crash.  The differences can be surprising.  For older Volvos in particular, I have found auto insurance rates to be much, much less. Often more than 50% less, when compared to a new car. 

And while on the subject of insurance costs, are you aware how much insurance for the same coverage varies state by state.  A lot!  Here's an interesting article on that and you can also find out if you live in a cheap state or expensive state: http://www.insurancejournal.com/news/national/2013/08/21/302370.htm

As boring as Volvos might seem to some (mostly I think to those who don't own one), you might be pleasantly surprised to know there is quite a following that is growing among younger drivers. A following I rarely saw when I was pushing old  240s on my kids.  The internet is full of places where Volvos are getting great reviews by younger people, so if you go the same route as I did, you might have an easier sell.

Pleasant Side-Effects: Valuable Lessons in Responsibility and Maturity:
Since auto insurance prices can be so significant, especially for a young driver, I tried an idea that I though might help. As each teen approached that magical driving age, I sat them down and told them I would buy them (or hand down) a very nice used Volvo.  This gift, I explained, came with a couple of conditions.  One such condition was that they would learn to pay a bill.  They would know well in advance that their portion of paying for a car was the monthly insurance bill (having it billed monthly made it easier to understand than a few times per year).  Each teen readily agreed (maybe because getting a car was all they could see in their starry eyes).  This agreement was reinforced with the understanding that I was counting on them to be fiscally responsible and that a default in their insurance payment would definitely result in their car being parked. They also understood that if they became an irresponsible driver and smashed the car, the increase in insurance premiums would directly affect their finances.

I found this agreement worked quite well. And as they grew older, I found they had developed other positive attributes, such as an increased sense of fiscal responsibility and learning to plan ahead. These were lessons in maturity, which I found were putting them years ahead of most of their friends who weren't made responsible for things like insurance bills.

Making an Impression in their Mushy Little Brains:
There are lots of stories about teaching kids to drive.  One I like to share is how I made them "earn" the privilege of driving FORWARD.  That's right.  Once they had a driving learning permit in hand, my kids spent a considerable amount of time driving in reverse.  Not on the streets, though.  I would take them to empty parking lots and carefully instruct them on reverse driving techniques, explaining how most low-speed accidents happened while backing.  I made them pay attention by finding obstacles they had to maneuvered around or by directing them to back into parking spaces, while staying evenly between the lines and stopping just shy of the bump-stops without bouncing off of them.  After a few days of only driving in reverse, they had more skill than most experienced drivers.

Speed Kills:
Common sense tells us that when cars go too fast, crashes tend to go up. Here's a question to ponder: If your teen's car is better handling than others, or more powerful, or generally more capable of dealing with risky maneuvers without losing control, will that encourage your kids to take even more risks?  I'm not sure if there's an easy answer, but I do believe some restraint needs to be administered to achieve a good balance between, for instance; a rocket ship and a slug-mobile. Since I already knew Volvos had pretty good handling from the start and I believed in good handling and good brakes, I always liked making them better for my teens by adding larger anti-sway bars, sport springs, high-performance shocks and better brake pads from places like iPd.  As for the speed and power department... I like that too, but I'm no idiot.  I was a teen driver once and if my parents knew 10% of the land speed records I set in their cars, I'd still be grounded.

The path I chose:
My teens were given non-turbo 240s (and one got a non-turbo 740), which meant they could still get on the freeway without being embarrassed, but they would never win a drag race.  The photo you see above was the result of another driver pulling out in front of my 16 year old daughter.  That collision was estimated at more than 50 mph.  She was able to walk away with only a few bumps and bruises.  My teens survived…. and so did I.

Dave's 1984 Volvo 245 in 2006          A funny thing happened about the time I bought this 245....  It was 1997 and I just got the internet. I soon discovered other Volvo people out there who also had the internet. Turbobricks was a brand new concept back then and I rememberDave's 1984 Volvo 245 in 2006 spending hours reading the email digests (that was the early version of TB).  I learned an enormous amount from others who shared their 240 experiences.  The original Turbobricks email list is now extinct.  As great as that old list was, the latest Turbobricks forum is much better. I'm still learning about these cars. (or sometimes re-learning stuff I had forgotten).
          You'll notice that my 245 began to move away from the original stock wagon look.  I made a few cosmetic and functional adjustments.  The first major step was the elimination of the old original wagon roof rack, which was done by a body shop (all holes welded shut and the roof repainted to match).  Pretty early on I exchanged the original "coffin" hood for a flat hood and matching flat grill, both of which came from a junked ’83 242 Turbo SE “flathood” I stumbled across in a salvage yard one day.  The "Flathood" (sometimes known as a "Flatnose"), was a special edition 242 Turbo built in 1983 for the North American market.  Volvo built 500 of them to satisfy the FISA racing requirements for factory homologation for European Touring Car Group A racing.  The most notable racing series was the European Touring Car Championship (ETCC).  More info on Volvo's Group A racing effort with this car can be found here: Volvo 240 Group A Racing I prefer the look of this sleeker nose over the original North American import raised hood.  And of course, the headlights were eventually changed to the European (E-Code) lamps.  They work so much nicer than the original US DOT approved lights. 
           In 1998 the internet supplied the connections which helped me import the Bross body kit shown in these photos,
originally obtained from Hallsjo Styling of Sweden.    It's no longer available from them and it became impossible to find for a few years.  It was then offered by some other companies in Europe, however I think they may have vanished long ago.
Dave's 1984 Volvo 245 in 2006Dave's 1984 Volvo 245           By 1999 I was dissatisfied with the performance of the B21FT motor and I began gathering parts for a new 2.6 liter stroker turbo motor.  It was based on the B23FT block from the 1984 760 Turbo.  Due toDave's 1984 Volvo 245 the expenses involved, it was nearly two years before that motor made its way into my car in the spring of 2001.  The motor was equipped with a programmable digital electronic fuel injection system from Simple Digital Systems in Calgary, Dave's 1984 Volvo 245 Canada.  The turbo was a Garrett Super 60 from Turbonetics.  And a huge intercooler was custom built by Spearco to fit in the original intercooler position (more info is available in my Spec Sheet Page). 
          This car was originally equipped with an automatic transmission and I considered my options for something that would hold up to more power.  I settled on a custom race-prepared Volvo AW-71 auto trans built by Art Carr Racing Transmissions (later California Performance Transmissions) in Huntington Beach, CA.  Once installed, the new drivetrain seemed to run pretty well, logging a zero to 60 time of below 6 seconds while running about 14 pounds of boost.  But from the beginning I felt the new motor was not running to its desired potential.  The ignition was still stock and I remember spending a lot of time trying to get the primitive mechanical boost retard system to mesh well.  It never did.  As is always the case with modified cars, it's never enough.  In 2003 I upgraded the SDS fuel injection to include a crank-triggered ignition system that was fully programmable.  It helped a lot.  I also installed a coil-over spring package I got from MVP (no longer available).  I was very impressed with the handling improvement.  Things were stiffened up a bit. I opted for 200 lb. front springs and 175 lb. rears, since this car was still a daily driver.  I had a chance to take the car to some VCOA track days at Thunderhill Raceway in Northern California and the coil-overs really seemed to make the handling better for the car.  There are more photos of this installation in my Spec Sheet Page.
Dave's 1984 Volvo 245Dave's 1984 Volvo 245Dave's 1984 Volvo 245          After experiencing some problems with the suped up AW-71 transmission (it started slipping at 11,000 miles... bummer!), I decided in 2004 that I was long overdue for a manual transmission.  The Volvo M46 manual (4 speed plus OD 5th), which was normally optioned in a 240 Turbo, simply would not do.  The M46 is well known for breaking when subjected to high torque levels.  By this time I had found my stroker motor was making well over 300 lbs. of torque at the wheels.  Once again, the guys on the Turbobricks forum came though and led me to a great transmission swap based on the Ford T5 gearbox.  I chose a new Ford Motorsport T5-Z five-speed gearbox from Summit Racing.  This gearbox is rated at 330 lbs. of torque and typically survives behind V8 engines with much more than that, so I felt it would be sufficient.  It was mated to a modified Volvo M46 bell housing with an aluminum adapter plateDoug Kauer’s 242 Turbo (you can find it here) was the original Guinea pig for this conversion and it worked so well for him that I had to try it for myself.  Strangely, I had never owned a manual transmission Volvo before this, mainly because I never found the right one when hunting for them.  I never knew what I was missing.  The increased control and fun factor was no real surprise as I had owned other manual trans cars over the years.  The jump in fuel mileage was a pleasant surprise.  I knew it would increase a little, as I was used to gas mileage figures in the 16 to 18 MPG range.  I suddenly found the car getting 26 plus MPG on the highway... exceptional considering the bigger displacement and my lead foot.  I was also surprised at how much cooler the engine ran.  The manual trans puts a LOT less demand on the motor. 
Dave's 1984 Volvo 245          A car like this is NEVER done....   so to keep that concept alive, in 2004 I installed some nice big front brakes.  These were adapted from a 2004-2007 S60R.  The photo at left is the mock-up a friend (Paul Jones) and I put together using a junkyard strut assembly, before actually installing the brakes.  The aluminum adapter brackets were designed by Travis Kijowski in Maryland.  I had the pleasure of putting together the first 240 on the planet with R brakes. The installation of 13 inch front rotors and big 4-piston calipers from the ‘R’ really transformed the braking on this car.  More info and photos about how and why I did this can be found in my 240 Big Brakes Page.
While my 245 eventually stopped being a daily grocery getter, it was still very much a road trip machine.  I made quite a few long trips to Volvo meets and shows in California and Arizona, Oregon and Washington and it never stranded me. With so many modifications, I crossed my fingers each time.  In the summer of 2003 I drove in air-conditioned comfort 1,100 miles each way to the West Coast National Volvo Owners Meet in Olympia, Washington.  The 245 won First Place and Best of Show in the modified division that year (see those awards here: https://www.240turbo.com/specsheet245.html).

Dave's 1980 Volvo 242 DLDave's 1980 Volvo 242 DLDave's 1980 Volvo 242 DLDave's 1980 Volvo 242 DL<<< I bought this blue 1980 242 DL back in 2000 in non-running condition.  It was a very basic, non-sunroof car (I prefer a non-sunroof car). The car had been abandoned by the previous owner outside a local repair shop because he couldn't afford the repairs.  It was eventually towed away and I found it in the local tow storage and bought it for $150.  I tracked down the previous owner and gave him a little money for the original keys, which worked out quite nicely.  He told me the car had belonged to his daughter and it over-heated.  I pulled the head off and found it was cracked and warped.  After installing a rebuilt head (plus a few things to freshen it up, like a new engine harness, vacuum hoses and such), it served as a great daily driver for several years until I bought the black 242 Turbo in 2003.   I gave the this DL to my son when he turned 16.  He kept it for a while and did some mods of his own, like the 16 inch wheels.  After a few years, he bought a new car and the Volvo got traded.    

The first two pics above were taken right after it was towed home and dropped in my driveway.  The next pics were more recent after applying new paint (Volvo 139 Scotia Blue), later 1984 bumpers, black turbo beltline trim, new black trim above the bumpers and around the windows, later style headlights (Cibie hi-wattage E-code), a "new" junkyard cloth interior, a nice "new" uncracked dash, freshly powder-coated Virgos, full iPd suspension (IpD sport springs, 25mm sway bars and Bilsteins HD shocks), all new suspension bushings, and lots of other nice goodies.

Update (June 2013): This car turned up with a new owner in Vermont, who contacted me after seeing the car here. She bought it on-line from a seller in Arizona and promised to take good care of it.  Gotta keep those classic 240s going.

Dave's 1988 Volvo 760 Turbo<<< Here's a pic of my very first Volvo... a black 1988 760 Turbo.  I bought it brand new from the showroom floor of Riverside Volvo in Riverside, CA in March 1988.  I later added 100 watt killer driving lamps, Fittipaldi 15 x 7 wheels (they were the hot ticket back then and the ONLY aftermarket wheel available for a Volvo at the time), iPd anti-sway bars (with the rear IRS type bar that's no longer offered), and a factory Volvo rear trunk-lid spoiler, which I got the dealer to throw in free.  It was a very nice car, but it did develop a few imperfections later.  It suffered badly from the well known door panel problem, where the vinyl at the top of the door panels would come shink and peel back.  It started happening when this car was less than a year old.  This car came with a 12 month bumper-to-bumper warranty and after that, it only had a limited powertrain warranty.  I was a little late in getting the car in for its 12k mile service (I brought it in 13 months after purchase).  I showed them the bad door panels  and after the dealer talked with their Volvo factory rep, they called and said Volvo would not cover the defect.  I couldn't believe it.  The dealer generously offered to sell me new door panels for about $400 each. 

I had a neighbor who worked at Orange County Volvo (in next county over).  He also couldn't believe it and told me this was a very common problem with the 700 series and Volvo always covered it.  He did some checking for me and called me a couple days later. He said their Volvo factory rep had authorized the replacement of all new door panels for the car without any hesitation.  What the hell?
Dave's 1990 Volvo 740 Turbo<<< Here's a red 1990 740 Turbo I bought used in 1996 in San Diego with 60,000 miles.  It also soon became blessed with IPD sport springs, 25 mm sway bars and Bilstein HD shocks. It was a great driver and it handled beautifully.  The auto transmission failed at 100k miles. That was expensive.  It eventually got traded in 2002 for a brand new S40 for my wife.

Here's the 2005 S40 T5 I bought new in the summer of 2005 after trading in my previous 2002 S40.
Dave's 2005 Volvo S40 T5This S40 was a pretty nice car in the beginning, but not nearly as trouble free as the 2002 S40 had been.  It suffered from electrical failures (sensors, computers, etc.) and motor mount failures.  The last electrical failure, about a month before the end of the four year warranty, stranded my wife in a less-than-nice part of town.  After the car was towed to Volvo, the service manager showed me the computer repairs that were invoiced by the dealer to Volvo for $3500.  This is NOT a car you want to keep after the warranty!  There was not a chance I was going to keep this one.  It got traded for a new NON-VOLVO a month before the warranty expired

This car also suffered from what I believe was a mis-engineered rear suspension geometery.  It allowed for too much rear negative camber, which had a nasty habit of destroyed tires prematurely.  I discovered this in December 2007 just after the 30,000 miles dealer service was completed.

The first set of tires had gone nearly bald in on the inside before 15,000 miles. Then shortly after having the 30,000 mile service done, I discovered the second set of tires was ruined too.
This second set were very good tires with a 40,000 mile warranty.  When I looked closer, I discovered the extreme wear on the insides of the rear tires (see photos). These tires had been getting regular rotations by the Volvo dealer since we bought the car (every 5000 miles), but no one at the dealer seemed to notice the inside tread area on two of the tires was worn slick by the time the 30,000 mile service (and a tire rotation) was done a few days before taking the below photos.  That 40,000 mile treadwear warranty was voided because of Volvo's defective suspension.
<<< Click the photo. This is how it was discovered. This pic is one front and one rear tire with 15,000 miles of use.
The middle and outside tread
still had 60-70% left, but the inside tread on the REAR tires was worn slick. 
After buying and installing the THIRD set of tires in 30,000 miles, I took the car back to the Volvo dealer and asked them to check the rear alignment. The service manager told me that the camber setting for all four tires was "within factory spec."  When I asked him to tell me what the camber was actually set at, they had to send the car back and put it on the rack again to check.  It measured negative 2.1 degrees on both rear wheels (that is definitely EXCESSIVE camber. This amount of camber is and was visibly obvious when you viewed the rear of the car).  From what the service manager claimed, Volvo considered up to negative 2.5 degrees to be acceptable for this model to be "within spec."  I think this was a big fat LIE.  The rear camber on a Volvo S40 is not adjustable or correctable without changing suspension parts.  I was really disappointed when the service manager again insisted that they considered the camber on my car to be just fine and there was nothing that could be done. They checked the front camber too.  It was negative 1.0 degree, which is closer to what the rear suspension should have been.  Since this dealership was rotating my tires every 5000 miles, I asked the service manager if their technicians should have noticed the tread on the tires was worn smooth on the inside?  He wouldn't give me an answer. Nice!

It quickly became evident that not all Volvos with this chassis had this issue.  While at the dealer waiting between arguments, I spotted an identical 2005 S40 pulling into the service area, so I checked it out.  I got down behind the car and could see it obviously did NOT have as much negative camber as mine did.  The difference very clearly visible.

 I could see the tires on this other S40 were nearly worn out, but they were EVENLY worn, not worn on the insides like mine.  So I asked the owner about his car.  He told me he bought it new in 2005, same year I bought mine (he bought his several months before I bought mine).  He had 40,000 miles on the car and those EVENLY WORN tires were his ORIGINAL TIRES.  I brought the service manager outside and showed him this car. He acted like he had no clue of the significance of such inconsistent camber settings, so I collected my car and left. 

After continuing my research, I discovered through a confidential Volvo insider (it helps to know a few insiders) that Volvo knew about this defect (yes, it WAS considered a DEFECT) and there was even a Technical Service Bulletin in existence (but no recall ever initiated).  According to the TSB, the fix for this problem was a new, re-eng
ineered set of rear control arms that were actually available from Volvo to correct this (obviously common) problem.  I again checked with the service manager and he said they knew nothing about a TSB on the issue.  After I pointed them in the right direction and showed them the specific information that I knew, they contacted Volvo Corporate and verified the existence of the TSB. After all this, Volvo then agreed to replace the rear control arms free of charge. 

While Volvo eventually corrected my car, I should NOT have had to go through all that to get this defect corrected.  Volvo is lousy in this area of customer service compared to other manufacturers and they need to improve vastly!  After being corrected, the rear camber was measured at negative 1.1 degrees, almost the same as the front suspension. 
While waiting for my suspension to be fixed I had a close look at several new C70s in the showroom and I found that they ALL had way too much rear camber.  

Since the S40 shared the same platform as the later C30, C70 and V50, it has turned out that all those cars were all affected too. Volvo didn't fix the problem, they just kept producing defective suspensions.

In February 2013 I received an email from another Volvo owner regarding this:  "I read of your rear alignment issues with your S40 and I had the same experience with a 2010 V50.  I just traded that V50 for a 2011 with the T5 and it had the same problem.  The local dealer replaced the control arms under warranty.  This was also a problem on my wife's 2011 C30 and we just had the dealer replace those control arms under warranty (after buying a new set of tires at 18k miles).  Too bad Volvo didn't just fix this one part early on.  I know the Mazda 3 (same chassis) has the same problem too."  S. R., Nindle, VA

Reference Material:  Uneven Rear Tire Wear, Correction of Excessive Negative Camber; Retailer Technical Journal RTJ15309-2009-12-16. This RTJ calls for the replacement of the rear upper control arms with PN 31201356, which reduces the camber by ~0.7 deg. It is applicable to: C30 2007-2010, C70 2006-2010, S40 2004.5-2010, V50 2005-2010.  In 2012, this RTJ was updated to include the listed models through 2012.  A fellow Volvo owner sent me a copy and I have loaded it here for you to read and use if needed:  https://www.davebarton.com/pdf/RTJ15309.pdf

Volvo RTJ19674 Wheel Alignment Specifications :  https://www.davebarton.com/pdf/RTJ%2019674-2010.pdf
Volvo TSB Listings:  http://www.carproblemzoo.com/tsb/volvo/
More Volvo TSB Listings:  http://www.faqs.org/car/volvo-s40n-2005/
Copies of TSBs may be obtained here (paid subscription required): 

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